Cybersecurity metrics and key performance indicators (KPIs) can help us to get survived in the information age. We live in a world in that a large amount of data and information get published every day. These data and information are surprisingly big and noisy for those who work in the IT field.
For instance, we can point out logs or event ID in networks. Let us study them by the use of Cybersecurity metrics and key performance indicators (KPIs). A FireWall can generate 500 pages of logs per day. That is only one of the pages that we have to deal with it.
Now think about how much logs the combination of Firewall, SIEM, IDS, HIDS, and so many more applications and operating systems can produce. The information is too much to grasp.
“A useful metric is both accurate and aligned with your goals”
CISOs, Cybersecurity metrics, and key performance indicators (KPIs) get clear
As CISOs, we need to categorize all this overloaded information and data and measure the metric. Security metrics confirm the efficiency of security operations. They also control and provide functional detail on where organizational improvements need to get involved. Just like logs, event IDs, and other data points, not all security metrics are equal in creation.
It is necessary to be aware of your cybersecurity program to be successful. Effective Cybersecurity metrics and key performance indicators (KPIs) evaluate how your program is functioning and suggest improvements. In fact, The purpose is to have a set of proper Cybersecurity metrics and key performance indicators (KPIs) to accommodate the size and complexity of your organization.
This is an example of a CISO dashboard, I have personally used to manage the outcome of compliance assessments.
I suggest bundling Cybersecurity metrics and key performance indicators (KPIs) into functional areas. Also, It helps you to focus on the areas that are critical for your organization and your security team. You need a balanced approach to Cybersecurity metrics and key performance indicators (KPIs). It coordinates with your organization’s risk tolerance.
why it is necessary to use Cybersecurity metrics?
There should be Cybersecurity metrics and key performance indicators (KPIs) that provide insight into administrative functions training, policy review compliance, governance, and non-technical. Also, we need other metrics to focus on the operational and technical side of security.
With the correct data, a CISO can establish Cybersecurity metrics indicators (KPIs) in which security controls and security projects can lead organizations to be more securely competitive.
As a Chief Information Security Officer, you must think through the impact of the cybersecurity program on your organization thoroughly. You also have to modify your metrics according to it. To measure the maturity of your security services, you will also need to develop some processes which you will find in metrics. These processes will provide you with the ability to measure your services against a specified standard.
- Percentage of metrical contracts. security function of the organization regulatory is in charge of evaluating it.
- Percentage of metrical contracts that require the evaluation of baseline security and privacy controls.
Human Resources (HR) and Cybersecurity metrics and key performance indicators (KPIs)
- Count of job descriptions Percentage that highlights each employee’s responsibility to protect the organization’s assets.
- Percentage of employees who have had a thorough background check, including the investigation of previous criminal activity.
- Count of employees who has attended minimum annual security awareness training and passed an assessment that demonstrates retention of core concepts.
- Count of employees who have read, acknowledged, and been tested on the organization’s security policy.
Cybersecurity Budget and Cybersecurity metrics and key performance indicators (KPIs)
- Percentage of IT budget allocated to cybersecurity
- Percentage of material vendors who have been audited either directly by the organization’s security function or via a third-party attestation
- Percentage of material vendor relationships that are accurately and completely inventoried and documented by the organization
Security and IT Operations
Asset Inventory and Cybersecurity metrics and key performance
- Known Assets Accurately Percentage
- Percentage of Known Systems Accurately
- Count of knowing Authorized and Unauthorized system
Data Inventory Cybersecurity metrics and key performance
- Count of Information Assets Accurately Inventoried
- Percentage of Information Classified Accurately
- Systems Documented and upgraded percent
- Statics that show systems that are still supported by the manufacturer or a validated third party
- The ratio of systems scanned for vulnerabilities that in fact is based on your strategy
- Percentage of systems patched within a periodical time
- The ratio systems password set never expire and no secure policy
- Count of systems have poor password or store password in plain text
- Percentage of systems with IP, PII, ePHI, And other sensitive data that leverage MFA
- Percentage of the domain and system admin accounts that leverage MFA
Business Impact Assessment (BIA) and Cybersecurity metrics and key performance
- Existence of a management-reviewed and approved BIA plan
- Date since the BIA was updated for changes to the business
- Number of high-risk business processes
Business Continuity Disaster Recovery (BP/DR) Plans
- The existence of a management-reviewed and approved BC/DR plan
- The date since the BC/DR plan was last tested
- Count of systems, processes, or applications that met RPO RTO objectives
- Job descriptions that highlight each employee’s responsibility to protect the organization’s assets
- employees who have had a thorough background check, including investigation of previous criminal activity
- Count of employees who has attended minimum annual security awareness training and passed an assessment that demonstrates retention of core concepts
- Percentage of employees who have read, acknowledged, and been tested on the organization’s security policy
Incident Response and Remediation
- Mean-Time-To-Incident Response and Remediation
- Number of alerts or incidents trialed by a security analyst
- Number of alerts or incidents detected every 24 hours
Incident Response (IR) Plan
- Existence of a management-reviewed and approved IR Plan
- Date, since IR plan was last, tested
The metrics serve as guideposts for risk management and security operations. Depending on the size and complexity of the organization, there are many more metrics that can be used. Also, The metrics mentioned above are designed to reduce high-risk blind spots within the organization and to ensure that, at a minimum, certain key planning documents exist, and specific core security functions (patch management, MFA, inventories, and vulnerability scanning) are in place.
Learn, Hunt, Earn with Us